DFKI Research Report-91-12
by J. Mark Gawron, John Nerbonne, Stanley Peters
The Absorption Principle and E-Type Anaphora
The Absorption Principle is a principle of situation theory which restricts the kinds of parametric information which is available. In particular it rules out abstraction over variable occurrences in paramtetric restrictions (unless the parameter itself is included). In Anaphora and Quantification in Situation Semantics, Gawron and Peters showed that the Absorption Principle has intuitively correct consequences in applications to quantificational and anaphoric semantics, but Sem, Saebo, Verne and Vestre (1990) point out cases of incorrect consequences. The present paper provides an analysis of the problematic cases in which the Absorption Principle is maintained. A key part of the analysis is the postulation that anaphors may have quantified NPs as antecedents, a position which has been vigorously advocated by Evans (1980). As a consequence, anaphors of this type are called `E-Type'. We argue that the pronoun `it' in the following discourse must be analyzed as E-Type:
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